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Disaster Warning and Crisis Support

Typhoon forecasting

Typhoon forecastingThe 2004 tsunami, and subsequent natural disasters and extreme weather events, have highlighted the need to improve hazard evaluation and early-warning systems. TEIN3 plays a key role in the timely transmission of global meteorological data, which permits faster local weather forecasting. In May 2009, for instance, reduced delays in the transfer of data from the German weather bureau to its counterpart in the Philippines, via the GÉANT and TEIN networks, resulted in correctly predicting the path of typhoon Emong, thus allowing timely, accurate and, ultimately, life-saving weather warnings to be given to the public.

Wildfire management

MWildfire managementajor wildfires bring devastation, loss of life and damage to property and the environment. Tackling them effectively requires an accurate flow of up-to-date information on fire movements and dangerous hotspots. Huge volumes of complex satellite and weather data must be captured, analysed and shared quickly. Only high-speed data networking can ensure that the right information gets to the right people in time to make a real difference. Indonesia has the world’s third largest area of tropical rainforest after the Amazon and Congo basins and suffers fires every year. TEIN3 makes all the difference in tackling this scourge effectively in Indonesia.

Tsunami-early-warning system

TsunaTsunami-early-warning systemmis are not predictable, but their disastrous impacts can be mitigated with timely warnings. The main goal of a German-Indonesian initiative, launched in November 2007, is to establish an advanced Tsunami early-warning system for the Indian Ocean, focusing on the highly vulnerable Indonesian coastline. The GITEWS will bring together cutting-edge technologies consisting of seismometers, GPS, marine buoys, tide gauges and advanced IT-technologies. Sensor data is transmitted online to the national centre in Jakarta for processing and modelling. Within 10-15 minutes, predictions are available and ready to be sent to warning centres in all Indian Ocean rim countries, as well as to local centres in Indonesia.

TEIN3 will contribute to the establishment of this system by complementing satellite links for the transmission of sensor and modelling data. With improved regional network connectivity, TEIN3 assists Indonesian research institutes like the University of Bandung, optimising their own tsunami-modelling activities.

Post-earthquake relief efforts

In the aftermath of the catastrPost-earthquake relief effortsophic earthquake in Sichuan province in May 2008, researchers at the European Commission Joint Research Centre in Italy used the trans-Eurasia link to transfer high-resolution images of the stricken region to their colleagues in China to aid post-disaster reconstruction.