TEIN3 Network Applications
The following are examples of scientific and educational projects where advanced connectivity provided via TEIN3 makes a significant difference to their success.
Typhoon warning system
About 20 typhoons hit the Philippine archipelago every year triggering flash floods and landslides, leaving behind a trail of devastation. Effective disaster warning systems rely on accurate storm forecasts and fast communication of weather alerts. The Philippine National Meteorological Agency (PAGASA) now uses a combination of internet networks and SMS messages, to provide real time alerts to emergency coordination centres and the general public.
PAGASA utilises TEIN3 and the Philippine national network (PREGINET) to connect to partners in Europe. Working with data from Germany’s Deutsche Wetterdienst (DWD), PAGASA runs daily forecasting models. Results are ready in just one hour for the formulation of seventy-two hour forecasts.
These fast and timely warnings prepare citizens and the emergency services, and help mitigate the disastrous effects of typhoons. In May 2006, for instance, reduced delays in the transfer of data from the DWD to PAGASA via the GÉANT2 and TEIN networks, resulted in correctly predicting the path of typhoon Caloy, thus allowing timely, accurate and, ultimately, life-saving weather warnings to be given to the public.
Tsunamis are not predictable, but their disastrous impacts can be mitigated with timely warnings. The main goal of a German-Indonesian initiative, launched in November 2008, is to establish an advanced Tsunami early-warning system for the Indian Ocean, focusing on the highly vulnerable Indonesian coastline. The GITEWS will bring together cutting-edge technologies consisting of seismometers, GPS, marine buoys, tide gauges and advanced IT-technologies. Sensor data is transmitted online to the national centre in Jakarta for processing and modelling. Within 10-15 minutes, predictions are available and ready to be sent to warning centres in all Indian Ocean rim countries, as well as to local centres in Indonesia.
|Images of a live surgery are transmitted simultaneouslyto a remote auditorium and a counterpart hospital where a medical team provides instant feedback on the procedure.|
TEIN3’s interconnection to GÉANT2 enables interaction with European medical teams, like the European Institute for Tele-surgical Training, based in Strasbourg. TEIN3 and GÉANT2 contribute to the creation of a virtual international teaching community to disseminate best medical practice and to improve standards of healthcare across the two continents.
Find out more at: www.aqua.med.kyushu-u.ac.jp
The TEIN2 link to Vietnam in 2006 has provided strong support to the partnership between the Royal Children’s Hospital in Melbourne and the National Children’s Hospital in Hanoi in the fields of paediatrics. Remote video-conferences for case reviews replace some face-to-face visits of Australian medical staff to Hanoi with tele-consultations.
Saving lives through ground-breaking drug-discovery
The power of GEANT2 and TEIN3 supports the search for live-saving treatment against killer diseases such as malaria and avian flu. The drug discovery process is being greatly accelerated by distributed computing and the underlying network infrastructure. With the help of high-speed computing and the huge data managing capabilities of the Grid, researchers participating in the WISDOM project have been able to very rapidly screen and study drug components against these killer diseases. The project is predominately a collaboration of Asian and European laboratories and is primarily supported by the EGEE grid infrastructure. The massive biomedical data challenges involve, on average, the parallel use of 5000 geographically distributed computers – the equivalent of 420 years of computing power of a single PC.
Developing resilient crops
Rice is the lifeline of Asia. However, climate change and an ever-expanding population threaten food security not only in the region but elsewhere in the world. The main objective of the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) in the Philippines is to help farmers improve their yields and thus sustain their livelihoods – a mission that calls for joint efforts across the globe and for high-performance networks, such as TEIN3, to facilitate data-intensive collaborative research. For instance, IRRI scientists join forces with their colleagues in other parts of the world to develop resilient, “climate-proof” crop varieties, a collaboration that requires the exchange of vast genomic datasets as well as the transfer of high-resolution geographic information system (GIS) data for vegetation analysis and yield forecast.
Meeting the needs of global socio-economic research
The INWA Grid project demonstrates how an intercontinental network infrastructure can help social scientists understand global market dynamics. Using grid technologies deployed over TEIN3, researchers in the UK, China and Australia can analyse distributed market data and use the results to develop predictive models of consumer behaviour.
eLearning: broadening access to education
The CanalAVIST initiative which promotes an alternative, cost-effective way of providing education across Asia-Pacific; via live video links – courtesy of TEIN3 – students can attend lectures held hundreds or thousands of miles away. Similarly, CanalAVIST organises virtual discussion forums around specific topics through a series of talks streamed over TEIN3 and GÉANT2 from various sites in Asia-Pacific and Europe.